You probably have said that a thousand times as a service provider. The truth is it’s still not available in SPLA. If I was a betting man (big if by the way for those that work for the IRS) I would wager they would allow VDI in SPLA. Why not…right? Everything else is changing why not this? Before you get too carried away as to why Microsoft will not allow VDI in shared environments, let me ask…do you REALLY want VDI? Just as SQL is complex in SPLA (and VL for that matter) so is VDI. In this article I will review the licensing rules with VDI/VDA and what exactly needs to happen if you were to host this from your datacenter.
Let’s take scenario 1. Bill has a PC that can run a qualified operating system but the PC itself has been running slow recently. He get’s his email from Joe’s Hosting so logically he asked good ole’ Joe if he could host a virtual desktop as well. Joe tells him “Sure” but it MUST be dedicated and his cost will go up. Bill tells him that’s not issue, his wife won the lottery recently. You would think the last thing Bill would be worried about is a virtual desktop. Just buy a new computer Billy and head to the beach! Nonetheless, Bill wants VDI and wants it now. Joe’s Hosting tells him to go to the store, buy a Windows 10 license, and bring that disc over to their datacenter. Joe will host it on a server solely dedicated to Bill. Problem solved. Joe is happy he just won over a customer, Bill is happy he gets his virtual desktop. The compliance police call, Joe is in trouble. Why?
In order to host VDI 3 things must happen.
- The PC must have VDI use rights. This means the desktop license itself (Windows 10 as an example) must be Enterprise and have active Software Assurance (SA). Think of VDI as a Software Assurance benefit. Without SA, no chance of having VDI. In order to buy Software Assurance, I would need a volume licensing agreement; not a retail version.
- The service provider must indeed host it in a dedicated infrastructure. This means the hardware, not just the VM.
- If the PC is incapable of running a full version of Windows 10 (such as a tablet) the customer must purchase a VDA license. VDA is a use right that allows the end user the right to access a virtual desktop from a server environment.
The 3 items mentioned above is really just the beginning of the licensing roller coaster. You must also license Windows Server, RDS, and any other applications by your SPLA or be purchased by your end customer. If they are purchased by the end customer, they would transfer that license into your datacenter, which means they can no longer run it on premise.
Now I ask you this question – is VDI worth it? Some say “yes” as this is what the customer wants and mean old Microsoft licensing rules just keep getting in the way. Most complain about dedicated environments, but as mentioned earlier, dedicated environments is just the beginning. Last, you may say the licensing of the VDI environment is not your problem, it’s your customers. You have it hosted in a dedicated environment. As far as SPLA is concerned, you are covered. Or are you?
Maybe I’ve been doing this too long and I am just an old fogey. But if I was a customer and my service provider (you) told me I could receive my VDI dedicated infrastructure and all I need was a desktop OS license, I would be all in. Fast forward a couple years and you tell me you are going through an audit and apparently I (not you) had licensed VDI incorrectly and it’s my fault; I think I would be a little upset. Yeah I would ditch you faster than that girl in 9th grade who ditched me at the dance (apparently when I told her my future involved SPLA licensing it turned her off…what a fool) but I would also make sure if any other organizations were looking at you as a service provider, I would tell them to stay away. As any marketing organization would tell you, recommendations and word of mouth is the best way to advertise.
Moral of this story? Like all the rest, know the licensing first, sell it second. Stay tuned for scenario 2. Your customers will thank you.
Thanks for reading,
J M Anderson
February 11, 2016 at 8:29 am
Microsoft just published new Product Terms for Volume Licensing on 02/01/2016. These new terms state, “Roaming Rights for Windows Enterprise and Windows VDA is being discontinued as of either January 31, 2017 of the end of a Customer’s existing Enrollment or Agreement term, whichever is later.” Elsewhere in the document it states,
“Customers with active SA for Windows Enterprise or Windows VDA retain Roaming Rights through the later of:
• the end of their existing Enrollment or Agreement term, or
• January 31, 2017
What impact, if any, does this have on the scenarios that were presented in the posted article entitled, “I want VDI!!!!!” ?
March 4, 2016 at 7:45 am
None…you still must dedicate it my friend.
February 12, 2016 at 6:08 pm
So ‘dedicated hardware’, what does that mean exactly?
Server, Storage, Networing,only the server, or only a Blade in a Chassis, the blade AND the chassis?
February 21, 2016 at 3:45 pm
The hardware that is running a MS OS. SAN does not qualify.
March 3, 2016 at 9:07 am
1- Which kind of makes it weird if you want to use Microsoft software defined storage solution with a Scale out File Server, because that is running a MS OS. And I get never got a straight answer from their licensing, presumably because they don’t know the technology.
2- I was under the impression when I spoke to my distributor that “Windows 10 Enterprise with SA” comes with VDA rights and MDOP now. Can you confirm?
March 4, 2016 at 7:07 am
Technology is one thing; licensing is another. Sure Windows 10 comes with VDI rights – As long as you have SA. That still doesn’t change anything though.